.38 Spl Continue reading
developed in 1891
(U.S. version: .25-35 Winchester
used by Lee Harvey Oswald to assassinate President John F. Kennedy.
.378 H&H mag
.338 Win mag
.300 H&H mag
.300 Win mag
.300 WBY mag
.300 Rem ultra mag
.44 Rem mag
.475 wildey mag
.300 AAC Blackout
.275 H&H mag
.256 Win mag
.254 Win mag
.264 Winchester Magnum
Designed in 1959
.222 Rem mag
.458 Win mag
.375 H&H mag
7mm Rem mag
The 7.62x39mm ammunition was developed in the Soviet Union during World War II as a replacement for the 7.62x54mmR round, which was used in the Mosin-Nagant bolt-action rifles. The new round was designed for use in the AK-47, a revolutionary new assault rifle that was also being developed at the time.
The 7.62x39mm cartridge was developed in the late 1940s by a team of Soviet engineers led by Mikhail Kalashnikov, who was also the chief designer of the AK-47. The new cartridge was designed to be compact, lightweight, and effective at short to medium ranges. It was also intended to be more controllable in automatic fire than the larger and more powerful 7.62x54mmR round.
The design of the 7.62x39mm cartridge features a bottlenecked case with a tapered shoulder and a rimless base. It uses a 123-grain bullet with a steel core and a lead jacket, which is designed to penetrate body armor and other barriers.
After the development of the 7.62x39mm cartridge, several factories in the Soviet Union began producing the ammunition in large quantities. The Izhevsk Mechanical Plant and the Tula Cartridge Plant were among the first factories to produce the new ammunition. Today, these factories continue to produce 7.62x39mm ammunition for the Russian military and export markets.
first used in the RPD machine gun
In addition to the Soviet Union, several other countries have produced 7.62x39mm ammunition over the years. In Romania, the Cugir Plant began producing the ammunition in the 1960s, and today, it continues to produce small arms ammunition, including 7.62x39mm rounds.
In Serbia, the Zastava Arms factory has been producing 7.62x39mm ammunition since the 1970s. The factory also produces a wide range of firearms, including the Zastava M70 rifle, which is chambered for the 7.62x39mm cartridge.
In China, the Norinco factory has been producing 7.62x39mm ammunition since the 1970s. The factory is owned by the Chinese government and produces a wide range of small arms ammunition, including 7.62x39mm rounds.
In the United States, several companies produce 7.62x39mm ammunition for the civilian market, including Federal Premium Ammunition, Hornady, and Winchester. These companies produce a variety of ammunition types, including full metal jacket, soft point, and hollow point rounds.
In conclusion, the 7.62x39mm ammunition was developed in the Soviet Union in the late 1940s as a replacement for the 7.62x54mmR round. Since then, several factories around the world have produced the ammunition, including factories in Russia, Romania, Serbia, and China. In the United States, several companies produce 7.62x39mm ammunition for the civilian market.
Introduced in 1959 by Winchester
40 grains (2.6 g) bullet
The only successful rimfire cartridge introduced in the 20th Century
.22 extra long
Introduced early 1880’s
40 gr (2.6 g) lubricated bullet
.22 long rifle combined the case of the “.22 Long” with the 40-grain (2.6 g) bullet of the “.22 Extra Long”
.22 Short, .22 Long, .22 LR can all shoot from .22 extra long
Stopped being available commercially in 1935
.17 Hornady Magnum Rimfire
Developed by Hornady in 2002
.22 Magnum necked down to .17 caliber (4.5 mm) bullet
17 grain (1.1 g) bullet
exceptionally flat trajectory, Longer range than .22 mag
.22 long rifle
Developed by Stevens Arms in 1887
combines the case of the “.22 Long” with the 40-grain (2.6 g) bullet of the “.22 Extra Long”
.22 LR most common caliber in the world
Introduced in 1964
replacement for the .220 Swift
replaced by .22-250 Remington
7×61mm Sharpe & Hart
Introduced in 1953
cartridge requires hand-loading.
Brass can be fire-formed from 7mm Remington Magnum cases
7.35×51 mm Carcano
Introduced in 1938
.22 CB Cap (Conical Ball Cap)
Introduced in 1888
20 to 29 grains (1.30 to 1.88 g) Bullet
usually just the primer, no gunpowder
Introduced in 1871
.22 Long is the 2nd oldest (still used) rimfire cartridges
29 grain (1.9 g) bullet
In 1887 the .22 Long was combined with the .22 Extra Long to make the .22 Long Rifle
Developed in 1857 for the first Smith & Wesson revolver
First American metallic cartridge
29 grain (1.88 g) bullet
or 30 grain (1.94 g) bullet
Designated the “.22 Short” in 1871
when the .22 Long cartridge was introduced